Used to output values or text to the console.
The while loop executes a block of code while a boolean expression evaluates to true. It terminates as soon as the expression evaluates to false. The boolean expression is evaluated before each iteration.
The if else block controls decision making by checking true/false statements resulting in different executions of code, depending on if the result is true and if the result is false. There are three parts to the if-else block: if, else if, and else.
The for loop is used to use a control structure that executes a block of code a specified number of times.
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